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英语百年新词汇

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发表于 2005-5-7 03:34:39 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
< ><FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif">以下是英国牛津词典评选的最有意识的百年年度新单词,你知道每个单词出现的历史背景吗?<BR>Very few words are coined in isolation. Each neologism holds a clue, however faint, of the time in which it was created. The following choice of a single word from each of the last hundred years is inevitably subjective, since hundreds of new words are being created at any one time. Nonetheless, collectively these words give a distinct picture of the shifting preoccupations of the 20th century and the early years of the 21st. The dates of <B>CHEESEBURGER</B> or <B>MOBILE PHONE</B> may surprise. </FONT></P>
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<P><FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size=3>1904  <B>hip</B><BR>1905  <B>whizzo</B><BR><FONT color=#ff0000>1906</FONT><FONT color=#ff0000>  <B>teddy bear</B></FONT><BR>1907  <B>egghead</B><BR>1908  <B>realpolitik</B><BR>1909  <B>tiddly-om-pom-pom</B><BR>1910  <B>sacred cow</B><BR>1911  <B>gene</B><BR>1912  <B>blues</B><BR>1913  <B>celeb</B><BR>1914  <B>cheerio</B><BR>1915  <B>civvy street</B><BR>1916  <B>U-boat</B><BR>1917  <B>tailspin</B><BR>1918  <B>ceasefire</B><BR>1919  <B>ad-lib</B><BR>1920  <B>demob</B><BR>1921  <B>pop</B><BR><FONT color=#ff0000>1922</FONT><FONT color=#ff0000>  <B>wizard</B></FONT><BR>1923  <B>hem-line</B><BR>1924  <B>lumpenproletariat</B><BR>1925  <B>avant garde</B><BR>1926  <B>kitsch</B><BR>1927  <B>sudden death</B><BR><FONT color=#ff0000>1928</FONT><FONT color=#ff0000>  <B>Big Apple</B></FONT><BR>1929  <B>sex</B><BR>1930  <B>drive-in</B><BR><FONT color=#ff0000>1931</FONT><FONT color=#ff0000>  <B>Mickey Mouse</B></FONT><BR>1932  <B>bagel</B><BR>1933  <B>dumb down</B><BR>1934  <B>pesticide</B><BR>1935  <B>racism</B><BR>1936  <B>spliff</B><P></P></FONT></P></TD>
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<P><FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size=3>1937  <B>dunk</B><BR><FONT color=#ff0000>1938</FONT><FONT color=#ff0000>  <B>cheeseburger</B></FONT><BR>1939  <B>Blitzkrieg</B><BR>1940  <B>Molotov cocktail</B><BR>1941  <B>snafu</B><BR>1942  <B>buzz</B><BR>1943  <B>pissed off</B><BR><FONT color=#ff0000>1944</FONT><FONT color=#ff0000>  <B>DNA</B></FONT><BR><FONT color=#ff0000>1945</FONT><FONT color=#ff0000>  <B>mobile phone</B></FONT><BR>1946  <B>megabucks</B><BR>1947  <B>Wonderbra</B><BR>1948  <B>cool</B><BR>1949  <B>Big Brother</B><BR>1950  <B>brainwashing</B><BR>1951  <B>fast food</B><BR>1952  <B>Generation X</B><BR>1953  <B>hippy</B><BR>1954  <B>non-U</B><BR>1955  <B>boogie</B><BR>1956  <B>sexy</B><BR>1957  <B>psychedelic</B><BR>1958  <B>beatnik</B><BR>1959  <B>cruise missile</B><BR>1960  <B>cyborg</B><BR>1961  <B>awesome</B><BR>1962  <B>bossa nova</B><BR>1963  <B>peacenik</B><BR>1964  <B>byte</B><BR>1965  <B>miniskirt</B><BR>1966  <B>acid</B><BR>1967  <B>love-in</B><BR>1968  <B>It-girl</B><BR>1969  <B>microchip</B><BR>1970  <B>hypermarket</B><P></P></FONT></P></TD>
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<P><FONT face="Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif" size=3>1971  <B>green</B><BR>1972  <B><FONT color=#ff0000>Watergate</FONT></B><BR>1973  <B>F-word</B><BR>1974  <B>punk</B><BR>1975  <B>detox</B><BR>1976  <B>Trekkie</B><BR>1977  <B>naff all</B><BR>1978  <B>trainers</B><BR><FONT color=#ff0000>1979</FONT><FONT color=#ff0000>  <B>karaoke</B></FONT><BR>1980  <B>power dressing</B><BR>1981  <B>toy-boy</B><BR>1982  <B>hip-hop</B><BR>1983  <B>beatbox</B><BR>1984  <B>double-click</B><BR><FONT color=#ff0000>1985</FONT><FONT color=#ff0000>  <B>OK yah</B><BR>1986  <B>mobile</B></FONT><BR>1987  <B>virtual reality</B><BR>1988  <B>gangsta</B><BR>1989  <B>latte</B><BR>1990  <B>applet</B><BR>1991  <B>hot-desking</B><BR>1992  <B>URL</B><BR>1993  <B>have it large</B><BR>1994  <B>Botox</B><BR>1995  <B>kitten heels</B><BR>1996  <B>ghetto fabulous</B><BR><FONT color=#ff0000>1997</FONT><FONT color=#ff0000>  <B>dot-commer</B><BR>1998  <B>text message</B><BR>1999  <B>google</B></FONT><BR>2000  <B>bling bling</B><BR><FONT color=#ff0000>2001</FONT><FONT color=#ff0000>  <B>9/11</B><BR>2002  <B>axis of evil</B></FONT><BR>2003  <B>sex up</B><BR>2004  <B>chav</B><P></P></FONT></P></TD></TR></TABLE>
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